Dementia Care

    Dementia is a general term for loss of memory, language, problem-solving and other thinking abilities that are severe enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia.

    What are the stages of Dementia?

    No impairment, everyone starts at stage 1 with no symptoms of cognitive impairment. Mental function is normal.

    Very mild cognitive decline, forgetting everyday phrases or names. Forgetting the location of important objects (misplacing eyeglasses or car keys)

    Mild cognitive decline is where dementia or Alzheimer’s disease symptoms can become more noticeable to friends and family. This stage will not have a major impact on your loved one’s everyday life. Signs can include trouble with complex tasks and problem-solving, memory loss and forgetfulness, asking the same question repeatedly.

    Moderate cognitive decline is commonly defined as early dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. Symptoms of cognitive decline are apparent, and your loved one should be consulting with a health care professional. Signs at
    this stage include: Social withdrawal, Moodiness, Non-responsive, Trouble with routine tasks and Denial

    Moderately severe cognitive decline is when your loved one is likely to need help with routine tasks, like dressing or bathing. They may require a home caregiver or to move to a memory care community.

    Severe cognitive decline also known as middle dementia or moderately severe Alzheimer’s disease, stage 6 will find your loved one requiring help for Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), such as bathing, toileting, or eating.

    Stage 7 is severe Alzheimer’s disease or late-stage dementia. Your loved one cannot care for themselves, may experience severe motor and communication impairment, and may lose the ability to speak or walk.

    How quickly does dementia progress?

    The progression of dementia in your loved one is as individual as the person who has it. There is no specific roadmap or timeline to transition through the seven stages. But all types of dementia are progressive and damaging over time. Several factors can affect the rate of progression; these include:

    • Age
    • Type of Dementia or mixed Dementia
    • Genetics
    • Emotional resilience
    • Overall physical health
    • Cardiovascular health
    • Diabetes
    • Stroke(s)
    • Under lying health conditions
    • Repeated infections
    • Support from family and carers
    • A daily routine


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